know-nothings

know-nothing

[noh-nuhth-ing]
noun
1.
an ignorant or totally uninformed person; ignoramus.
2.
3.
(initial capital letters) U.S. History. a member of a political party (American party or Know-Nothing party) prominent from 1853 to 1856, whose aim was to keep control of the government in the hands of native-born citizens: so called because members originally professed ignorance of the party's activities.
4.
a person whose anti-intellectualism, xenophobia, and other political attitudes recall the Know-Nothings.
adjective
5.
grossly ignorant; totally uninformed.
7.
(initial capital letters) of or pertaining to the Know-Nothings.
8.
of or pertaining to a political know-nothing.

Origin:
1815–25

know-nothingism, noun
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
know-nothing
 
n
informal, derogatory an ignorant person

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary

Know-Nothings definition


A party opposed to the holding of public office by immigrants or Roman Catholics. The Know-Nothings, also known as “nativists,” insisted that only true, “native” Americans should serve in the government. The party was quite successful in the 1850s but split over the slavery question. Its official name was the American party. It picked up the “Know-Nothing” tag because its members, maintaining secrecy about the party's activities, customarily answered questions with, “I know nothing.”

Note: Today, the term know-nothing is usually applied to bigots.
The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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