city in Serbia. It lies on the Lepenica River, a tributary of the Morava. It is the chief city of the Sumadija region, in which at the beginning of the 19th century Karadjordje led the first Serbian uprising against the Turks. It was the capital of Serbia from 1818 to 1841, during which time a high school, a theatre, a military school, and a printing press were established. The first newspaper in Serbia, Novine Srbske, was published there. In 1941 German military authorities executed 7,000 males between the ages of 14 and 70 from the area of Kragujevac and Kraljevo; a monument recalls the massacre.
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