kriegspiel

kriegspiel

[kreeg-speel, -shpeel, kreek-]
noun
1.
(sometimes initial capital letter) a game using small figures and counters that represent troops, ships, etc., played on a map or miniature battlefield, developed for teaching military tactics to officers.
2.
a form of chess in which both players see only their own pieces on a board in front of them and must remember the opponent's moves as told to them by a referee who maintains a third board on which the play of both players is shown.

Origin:
1805–15; < German Kriegsspiel, equivalent to Krieg(e)s, genitive of Krieg war + Spiel game

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Collins
World English Dictionary
kriegspiel (ˈkriːɡˌspiːl)
 
n
1.  (sometimes capital) a form of war game in which symbols representing military formations are moved about on maps
2.  a variation of chess in which each player has his own board and men and does not see his opponent's board and men. The moves are regulated by an umpire on a third board out of sight of both players
 
[C19: from German Kriegsspiel war game]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Dictionary.com's 21st Century Lexicon
Main Entry:  kriegspiel1
Part of Speech:  n
Definition:  a game in which blocks, pins, and flags representing military units and weapons are moved around on maps to simulate war and battles
Main Entry:  kriegspiel2
Part of Speech:  n
Definition:  chess using two separate boards where neither player sees the other board and in which play progresses from limited information given by a referee who tracks the moves on a third board
Dictionary.com's 21st Century Lexicon
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

kriegspiel
war games played with pieces on maps, 1811, from Ger. Kriegsspiel, lit. "war game," from Krieg "war," from M.H.G. kriec, mostly "exertion, opposition, enmity," from O.H.G. krig "stubbornness, defiance," probably cognate with Gk. hybris "violence" (see hubris; cf. also
war). For second element, see spiel (n.). Introduced 1870s as officer training in British army.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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