[German kool-toor-kahmpf]
the conflict between the German imperial government and the Roman Catholic Church from 1872 or 1873 until 1886, chiefly over the control of education and ecclesiastical appointments.

< German: culture struggle, equivalent to Kultur culture + Kampf battle, struggle (cognate with Old English camp); see camp1, kemp1

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World English Dictionary
Kulturkampf (kʊlˈtʊəˌkæmpf, ˈkʊltə-)
the struggle of the Prussian state against the Roman Catholic Church (1872--87), which took the form of laws designed to bring education, marriage, etc, under the control of the state
[German: culture struggle]

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Word Origin & History

1879, "struggle between Ger. government and Catholic Church over control of educational and ecclesiastical appointments, 1872-86," from Ger., lit. "struggle for culture," from Kultur + Kampf "combat, fight, struggle," from L. campus "field, battlefield."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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