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kurgan

[koo r-gahn, -gan] /kʊərˈgɑn, -ˈgæn/
noun
1.
a circular burial mound constructed over a pit grave and often containing grave vessels, weapons, and the bodies of horses as well as a single human body; originally in use in the Russian Steppes but later spreading into eastern, central, and northern Europe in the third millennium b.c.
Origin
1885-1890
1885-90; < Russian kurgán burial mound, Old Russian, apparently to be identified with kurganŭ fortress < Turkic; compare Turkish, Tatar kurğan, Chagatai, Kazakh korğan fortress, castle

Kurgan

[koo r-gahn; Russian koor-gahn] /kʊərˈgɑn; Russian kurˈgɑn/
noun
1.
a city in the S Russian Federation in Asia, near the Ural Mountains.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for kurgan

Kurgan

/Russian kurˈɡan/
noun
1.
a city in W Russia, on the Tobol River: industrial centre for an agricultural region. Pop: 344 000 (2005 est)
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for kurgan
n.

1889, from Russian, originally a Tatar word.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Article for kurgan

Kurgan

oblast (province), west-central Russia, on the southern edge of the West Siberian Plain, in the Tobol Basin. It is a level plain with innumerable small lakes, often saline, in shallow depressions. The steppe-grass vegetation has been largely ploughed up, and many shelter belts of trees have been planted; in the north are extensive birch groves. Agriculture, greatly extended in the Virgin and Idle Lands campaign of the 1950s, dominates the economy. Spring wheat is the main crop, with rye, oats, and corn (maize), as well as vegetables, of some significance. Dairy farming is common in the north and sheep farming in the drier south. The towns, except Kurgan, the oblast headquarters, are small and concerned chiefly with processing agricultural produce. Area 27,400 square miles (71,000 square km). Pop. (1991 est.) 1,110,500

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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