Dr. Boas believed that the Kwakiutl were passing from maternal to paternal descent.
These are the Kwakiutl Indians, who did not at first respond to the advances of civilization so readily as most northern tribes.
The form taken by the maternal inheritance of rank, privileges, etc., among the Kwakiutl points in the same direction.
South of these are the Kwakiutl, with descent wavering in a curious fashion between the male and female systems.
The northern Kwakiutl are divided, says Dr. Boas, into "septs" and "clans."
Even among the Kwakiutl, in their transitional state, the totem mark now is "in many cases a crest."
Further south than the Tsimshian dwell the Kwakiutl, of whom the most southerly are called "the Kwakiutl proper."
The main arguments for original paternal descent among the Kwakiutl are three in number.
I now come to give my own opinion as to the ways in which Kwakiutl totemism may have attained its existing peculiarities.