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7 Essential Words of Fall

lain

[leyn] /leɪn/
verb
1.
past participle of lie2 .
Can be confused
laid, lain.
lain, lane.

lie1

[lahy] /laɪ/
noun
1.
a false statement made with deliberate intent to deceive; an intentional untruth; a falsehood.
Antonyms: truth.
2.
something intended or serving to convey a false impression; imposture:
His flashy car was a lie that deceived no one.
3.
an inaccurate or false statement; a falsehood.
4.
the charge or accusation of telling a lie:
He flung the lie back at his accusers.
verb (used without object), lied, lying.
5.
to speak falsely or utter untruth knowingly, as with intent to deceive.
Synonyms: prevaricate, fib.
6.
to express what is false; convey a false impression.
verb (used with object), lied, lying.
7.
to bring about or affect by lying (often used reflexively):
to lie oneself out of a difficulty; accustomed to lying his way out of difficulties.
Idioms
8.
give the lie to,
  1. to accuse of lying; contradict.
  2. to prove or imply the falsity of; belie:
    His poor work gives the lie to his claims of experience.
9.
lie in one's throat / teeth, to lie grossly or maliciously:
If she told you exactly the opposite of what she told me, she must be lying in her teeth.
Also, lie through one's teeth.
Origin
900
before 900; (noun) Middle English; Old English lyge; cognate with German Lüge, Old Norse lygi; akin to Gothic liugn; (v.) Middle English lien, Old English lēogan (intransitive); cognate with German lügen, Old Norse ljūga, Gothic liugan
Synonym Study
1.See falsehood.

lie2

[lahy] /laɪ/
verb (used without object), lay, lain, lying.
1.
to be in a horizontal, recumbent, or prostrate position, as on a bed or the ground; recline.
Antonyms: stand.
2.
(of objects) to rest in a horizontal or flat position:
The book lies on the table.
Antonyms: stand.
3.
to be or remain in a position or state of inactivity, subjection, restraint, concealment, etc.:
to lie in ambush.
4.
to rest, press, or weigh (usually followed by on or upon):
These things lie upon my mind.
5.
to depend (usually followed by on or upon).
6.
to be placed or situated:
land lying along the coast.
7.
to be stretched out or extended:
the broad plain that lies before us.
8.
to be in or have a specified direction; extend:
The trail from here lies to the west.
9.
to be found or located in a particular area or place:
The fault lies here.
10.
to consist or be grounded (usually followed by in):
The real remedy lies in education.
11.
to be buried in a particular spot:
Their ancestors lie in the family plot.
12.
Law. to be sustainable or admissible, as an action or appeal.
13.
Archaic. to lodge; stay the night; sojourn.
noun
14.
the manner, relative position, or direction in which something lies:
the lie of the patio, facing the water.
Synonyms: place, location, site.
15.
the haunt or covert of an animal.
16.
Golf. the position of the ball relative to how easy or how difficult it is to play.
Verb phrases
17.
lie by,
  1. to pause for rest; stop activities, work, etc., temporarily.
  2. to lie unused:
    Ever since the last member of the family died, the old house has lain by.
18.
lie down, to assume a horizontal or prostrate position, as for the purpose of resting.
19.
lie in,
  1. to be confined to bed in childbirth.
  2. Chiefly British. to stay in bed longer than usual, especially in the morning.
20.
lie over, to be postponed for attention or action at some future time:
The other business on the agenda will have to lie over until the next meeting.
21.
lie up,
  1. to lie at rest; stay in bed.
  2. (of a ship) to dock or remain in dock.
22.
lie with,
  1. to be the duty or function of:
    The decision in this matter lies with him.
  2. Archaic. to have sexual intercourse with.
Idioms
23.
lie down on the job, Informal. to do less than one could or should do; shirk one's obligations.
24.
lie in state. state (def 24).
25.
lie low. low1 (def 51).
26.
lie to, Nautical. (of a ship) to lie comparatively stationary, usually with the head as near the wind as possible.
27.
take lying down, to hear or yield without protest, contradiction, or resistance:
I refuse to take such an insult lying down.
Origin
before 900; Middle English lien, liggen, Old English licgan; cognate with German liegen, Dutch liggen, Old Norse liggja, Gothic ligan; akin to Greek léchesthai to lie down
Usage note
See lay1.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for lain
  • These treasures were recovered from the strong room of a bank, where they had lain unheeded for more than thirty years.
  • He had lain down near his car, with a pipe rigged from the car exhaust to his face.
  • But that detail, he says, had lain unnoticed for years in the national archive.
  • The real difficulty has lain in reconciling the differing interests and views involved.
  • Cruelty that had lain dormant bursts into full flower.
  • The suggestion had lain dormant in my subconscious for over three decades.
  • He has lain on his back in the intensive care unit here for more than a week.
  • For decades the land has lain fallow because it is saline from poor groundwater.
  • Then follow descriptions of the sufferings of these persons, many of whom had lain night after night in the woods.
  • There had lain, had there been any one to care about it, his possible salvation.
British Dictionary definitions for lain

lain

/leɪn/
verb
1.
the past participle of lie2

lie1

/laɪ/
verb lies, lying, lied
1.
(intransitive) to speak untruthfully with intent to mislead or deceive
2.
(intransitive) to convey a false impression or practise deception: the camera does not lie
noun
3.
an untrue or deceptive statement deliberately used to mislead
4.
something that is deliberately intended to deceive
5.
give the lie to
  1. to disprove
  2. to accuse of lying
related
adjective mendacious
Word Origin
Old English lyge (n), lēogan (vb); related to Old High German liogan, Gothic liugan

lie2

/laɪ/
verb (intransitive) lies, lying, lay (leɪ), lain (leɪn)
1.
(often foll by down) to place oneself or be in a prostrate position, horizontal to the ground
2.
to be situated, esp on a horizontal surface: the pencil is lying on the desk, India lies to the south of Russia
3.
to be buried: here lies Jane Brown
4.
(copula) to be and remain (in a particular state or condition): to lie dormant
5.
to stretch or extend: the city lies before us
6.
usually foll by on or upon. to rest or weigh: my sins lie heavily on my mind
7.
(usually foll by in) to exist or consist inherently: strength lies in unity
8.
(foll by with)
  1. to be or rest (with): the ultimate decision lies with you
  2. (archaic) to have sexual intercourse (with)
9.
(of an action, claim, appeal, etc) to subsist; be maintainable or admissible
10.
(archaic) to stay temporarily
11.
lie in state, See state (sense 13)
12.
lie low
  1. to keep or be concealed or quiet
  2. to wait for a favourable opportunity
noun
13.
the manner, place, or style in which something is situated
14.
the hiding place or lair of an animal
15.
(golf)
  1. the position of the ball after a shot: a bad lie
  2. the angle made by the shaft of the club before the upswing
16.
lie of the land
  1. the topography of the land
  2. the way in which a situation is developing or people are behaving
Word Origin
Old English licgan akin to Old High German ligen to lie, Latin lectus bed

Lie

/liː/
noun
1.
Trygve Halvdan (ˈtryɡvə ˈhalðan). 1896–1968, Norwegian statesman; first secretary-general of the United Nations (1946–52)
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for lain

past participle of lie (v.2).

lie

v.

"speak falsely, tell an untruth," late 12c., from Old English legan, ligan, earlier leogan "deceive, belie, betray" (class II strong verb; past tense leag, past participle logen), from Proto-Germanic *leugan (cf. Old Norse ljuga, Danish lyve, Old Frisian liaga, Old Saxon and Old High German liogan, German lügen, Gothic liugan), from PIE root *leugh- "to tell a lie."

"rest horizontally," early 12c., from Old English licgan (class V strong verb; past tense læg, past participle legen) "be situated, reamin; be at rest, lie down," from Proto-Germanic *legjanan (cf. Old Norse liggja, Old Frisian lidzia, Middle Dutch ligghen, Dutch liggen, Old High German ligen, German liegen, Gothic ligan), from PIE *legh- "to lie, lay" (cf. Hittite laggari "falls, lies," Greek lekhesthai "to lie down," Latin lectus "bed," Old Church Slavonic lego "to lie down," Lithuanian at-lagai "fallow land," Old Irish laigim "I lie down," Irish luighe "couch, grave"). To lie with "have sexual intercourse" is from c.1300, and cf. Old English licgan mid "cohabit with." To take (something) lying down "passively, submissively" is from 1854.

n.

"an untruth," Old English lyge "lie, falsehood," from Proto-Germanic *lugiz (cf. Old Norse lygi, Danish løgn, Old Frisian leyne (fem.), Dutch leugen (fem.), Old High German lugi, German Lüge, Gothic liugn "a lie"), from the root of lie (v.1). To give the lie to "accuse directly of lying" is attested from 1590s. Lie-detector first recorded 1909.

"manner of lying," 1690s, from lie (v.2). Sense in golf is from 1857.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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lain in Medicine

lie (lī)
n.
The manner or position in which something is situated, especially the relation that the long axis of a fetus bears to that of its mother.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Slang definitions & phrases for lain

lie

Related Terms

the big lie, a pack of lies


The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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lain in the Bible

an intentional violation of the truth. Lies are emphatically condemned in Scripture (John 8:44; 1 Tim. 1:9, 10; Rev. 21:27; 22:15). Mention is made of the lies told by good men, as by Abraham (Gen. 12:12, 13; 20:2), Isaac (26:7), and Jacob (27:24); also by the Hebrew midwives (Ex. 1:15-19), by Michal (1 Sam. 19:14), and by David (1 Sam. 20:6). (See ANANIAS.)

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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Idioms and Phrases with lain
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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6
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