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lamentation

[lam-uh n-tey-shuh n] /ˌlæm ənˈteɪ ʃən/
noun
1.
the act of lamenting or expressing grief.
2.
a lament.
3.
Lamentations, (used with a singular verb) a book of the Bible, traditionally ascribed to Jeremiah.
Abbreviation: Lam.
Origin
1325-1375
1325-75; < Latin lāmentātiōn- (stem of lāmentātiō), equivalent to lāmentāt(us) (past participle of lāmentārī; see lament) + -iōn- -ion; replacing Middle English lamentacioun < Anglo-FrenchLatin, as above
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for lamentations

Lamentations

/ˌlæmɛnˈteɪʃənz/
noun (functioning as sing)
1.
a book of the Old Testament, traditionally ascribed to the prophet Jeremiah, lamenting the destruction of Jerusalem
2.
a musical setting of these poems

lamentation

/ˌlæmɛnˈteɪʃən/
noun
1.
a lament; expression of sorrow
2.
the act of lamenting
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for lamentations

Lamentations

n.

Biblical book, late 14c., short for Lamentations of Jeremiah, from Latin Lamentationes, translating Greek Threnoi (see lamentation).

lamentation

n.

late 14c., from Old French lamentacion and directly from Latin lamentationem (nominative lamentatio) "wailing, moaning, weeping," noun of action from past participle stem of lamentari "to wail, moan, weep, lament," from lamentum "a wailing," from PIE root *la- "to shout, cry," probably ultimately imitative. Replaced Old English cwiþan.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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lamentations in the Bible

(Heb. qinah), an elegy or dirge. The first example of this form of poetry is the lament of David over Saul and Jonathan (2 Sam. 1:17-27). It was a frequent accompaniment of mourning (Amos 8:10). In 2 Sam. 3:33, 34 is recorded David's lament over Abner. Prophecy sometimes took the form of a lament when it predicted calamity (Ezek. 27:2, 32; 28:12; 32:2, 16).

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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14
18
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