landgrave

landgrave

[land-greyv]
noun
1.
(in medieval Germany) a count having jurisdiction over a large territory.
2.
(usually initial capital letter) the title of certain German princes.

Origin:
1510–20; < Middle Low German; see land, margrave

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World English Dictionary
landgrave (ˈlændˌɡreɪv)
 
n
1.  (from the 13th century to 1806) a count who ruled over a specified territory
2.  (after 1806) the title of any of various sovereign princes in central Germany
 
[C16: via German, from Middle High German lantgrāve, from lant land + grāve count]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

landgrave

a title of nobility in Germany and Scandinavia, dating from the 12th century, when the kings of Germany attempted to strengthen their position in relation to that of the dukes (Herzoge). The kings set up "provincial counts" (Landgrafen) over whom the dukes would have no control and who would have rank and authority equivalent to those of dukes. Later-and more commonly-the title was given to counts in order to make them directly dependent on the king (or emperor).

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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