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languish

[lang-gwish] /ˈlæŋ gwɪʃ/
verb (used without object)
1.
to be or become weak or feeble; droop; fade.
2.
to lose vigor and vitality.
3.
to undergo neglect or experience prolonged inactivity; suffer hardship and distress:
to languish in prison for ten years.
4.
to be subjected to delay or disregard; be ignored:
a petition that languished on the warden's desk for a year.
5.
to pine with desire or longing.
6.
to assume an expression of tender, sentimental melancholy.
noun
7.
the act or state of languishing.
8.
a tender, melancholy look or expression.
Origin
1250-1300
1250-1300; Middle English < Middle French languiss-, long stem of languirLatin languēre to languish; akin to laxus lax; see -ish2
Related forms
languisher, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for languishes
  • The case still languishes in the courts and the alleged rapists have not been punished.
  • Yet it cannot be said that his genius is ever unprovided of matter, or that his fancy languishes in penury of ideas.
  • He languishes by a lake until spring when she comes back to him.
  • So dealers can thrive even when the automaker languishes.
  • Despite high oil and gas prices, exploration still languishes.
  • Cotton, on the other hand, was once a vibrant trade commodity but now languishes in a state of low productivity and poor quality.
  • And that means making sure no promising discovery languishes in the laboratory.
  • The development of promising targeting antibodies against cancer often languishes at this bottleneck.
  • He could not furnish bond so languishes in the hostile.
  • The remaining produce languishes in our warehouse, waiting for the next available refrigerated truck.
British Dictionary definitions for languishes

languish

/ˈlæŋɡwɪʃ/
verb (intransitive)
1.
to lose or diminish in strength or energy
2.
(often foll by for) to be listless with desire; pine
3.
to suffer deprivation, hardship, or neglect: to languish in prison
4.
to put on a tender, nostalgic, or melancholic expression
Derived Forms
languishing, adjective
languishingly, adverb
languishment, noun
Word Origin
C14 languishen, from Old French languiss-, stem of languir, ultimately from Latin languēre
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for languishes

languish

v.

early 14c., "fail in strength, exhibit signs of approaching death," from languiss-, present participle stem of Old French languir "be listless, pine, grieve, fall ill," from Vulgar Latin *languire, from Latin languere "be weak or faint" (see lax). Weaker sense "be lovesick, grieve, lament, grow faint," is from mid-14c. Related: Languished; languishing.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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