languish

[lang-gwish]
verb (used without object)
1.
to be or become weak or feeble; droop; fade.
2.
to lose vigor and vitality.
3.
to undergo neglect or experience prolonged inactivity; suffer hardship and distress: to languish in prison for ten years.
4.
to be subjected to delay or disregard; be ignored: a petition that languished on the warden's desk for a year.
5.
to pine with desire or longing.
6.
to assume an expression of tender, sentimental melancholy.
noun
7.
the act or state of languishing.
8.
a tender, melancholy look or expression.

Origin:
1250–1300; Middle English < Middle French languiss-, long stem of languirLatin languēre to languish; akin to laxus lax; see -ish2

languisher, noun
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World English Dictionary
languish (ˈlæŋɡwɪʃ)
 
vb
1.  to lose or diminish in strength or energy
2.  (often foll by for) to be listless with desire; pine
3.  to suffer deprivation, hardship, or neglect: to languish in prison
4.  to put on a tender, nostalgic, or melancholic expression
 
[C14 languishen, from Old French languiss-, stem of languir, ultimately from Latin languēre]
 
'languishing
 
adj
 
'languishingly
 
adv
 
'languishment
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

languish
c.1300, from languiss-, pp. stem of O.Fr. languir "be listless," from V.L. *languire, from L. languere "be weak or faint" (see lax). Related: Languished; languishing.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
The case still languishes in the courts and the alleged rapists have not been
  punished.
Yet it cannot be said that his genius is ever unprovided of matter, or that his
  fancy languishes in penury of ideas.
He languishes by a lake until spring when she comes back to him.
So dealers can thrive even when the automaker languishes.
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