noun, plural (especially collectively) lanternfish (especially referring to two or more kinds or species) lanternfishes.
any of several small, deep-sea fishes of the family Myctophidae, having rows of luminous organs along each side, certain species of which migrate to the surface at night.
Also, lantern fish.

1745–55; lantern + fish Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Example sentences
As an albacore ages it feeds less on squid and more on fish such as saury, lanternfish, or rockfish.
There were also many bioluminescent organisms in the samples, including various lanternfish, jellyfish and algae.
Anglerfish and lanternfish both are thought to produce light to attract a mate.
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