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[lap-uh-rot-uh-mee] /ˌlæp əˈrɒt ə mi/
noun, plural laparotomies. Surgery
incision through the abdominal wall.
incision into the loin, especially for access to the abdominal cavity.
Origin of laparotomy
1875-80; laparo- + -tomy Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the web for laparotomy
  • Surgery that opens the abdomen is called a laparotomy.
  • laparotomy uses a wide abdominal incision and conventional surgical instruments.
  • Surgery may be laparotomy or a less-invasive laparoscopy.
  • Surgery for ovarian cancer uses laparotomy, a major abdominal operation.
British Dictionary definitions for laparotomy


noun (pl) -mies
surgical incision through the abdominal wall, esp to investigate the cause of an abdominal disorder
surgical incision into the loin
Word Origin
C19: from Greek lapara flank, from laparos soft + -tomy
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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laparotomy in Medicine

laparotomy lap·a·rot·o·my (lāp'ə-rŏt'ə-mē)

  1. Surgical incision into the abdominal cavity through the loin or flank.

  2. See celiotomy.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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