laparotomy

[lap-uh-rot-uh-mee]
noun, plural laparotomies. Surgery.
1.
incision through the abdominal wall.
2.
incision into the loin, especially for access to the abdominal cavity.

Origin:
1875–80; laparo- + -tomy

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World English Dictionary
laparotomy (ˌlæpəˈrɒtəmɪ)
 
n , pl -mies
1.  surgical incision through the abdominal wall, esp to investigate the cause of an abdominal disorder
2.  surgical incision into the loin
 
[C19: from Greek lapara flank, from laparos soft + -tomy]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

laparotomy lap·a·rot·o·my (lāp'ə-rŏt'ə-mē)
n.

  1. Surgical incision into the abdominal cavity through the loin or flank.

  2. See celiotomy.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Example sentences
Surgery that opens the abdomen is called a laparotomy.
Laparotomy uses a wide abdominal incision and conventional surgical instruments.
Surgery may be laparotomy or a less-invasive laparoscopy.
Surgery for ovarian cancer uses laparotomy, a major abdominal operation.
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