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lapidary

[lap-i-der-ee] /ˈlæp ɪˌdɛr i/
noun, plural lapidaries.
1.
Also, lapidist
[lap-i-dist] /ˈlæp ɪ dɪst/ (Show IPA)
. a worker who cuts, polishes, and engraves precious stones.
2.
Also, lapidarist
[luh-pid-er-ist] /ləˈpɪd ər ɪst/ (Show IPA)
. an expert in precious stones and the art or techniques used in cutting and engraving them.
3.
the art of cutting, polishing, and engraving precious stones.
4.
an old book on the lore of gems.
adjective, Also, lapidarian
[lap-i-dair-ee-uh n] /ˌlæp ɪˈdɛər i ən/ (Show IPA)
5.
of or pertaining to the cutting or engraving of precious stones.
6.
characterized by an exactitude and extreme refinement that suggests gem cutting:
a lapidary style; lapidary verse.
7.
of, pertaining to, or suggestive of inscriptions on stone monuments.
Origin
1325-1375
1325-75; Middle English lapidarie (noun) < Latin lapidārius of stone (adj.), stone-cutter (noun), equivalent to lapid- (stem of lapis) stone + -ārius -ary
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for lapidarist

lapidary

/ˈlæpɪdərɪ/
noun (pl) -daries
1.
a person whose business is to cut, polish, set, or deal in gemstones
adjective
2.
of or relating to gemstones or the work of a lapidary
3.
Also lapidarian (ˌlæpɪˈdɛərɪən). engraved, cut, or inscribed in a stone or gemstone
4.
of sufficiently high quality to be engraved on a stone: a lapidary inscription
Derived Forms
lapidarian, adjective
Word Origin
C14: from Latin lapidārius, from lapid-, lapis stone
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for lapidarist

lapidary

n.

"one skilled in working with precious stones," late 14c., from Old French lapidaire (12c.), from Latin lapidarius "stonecutter," originally an adjective "of or working with stone," from lapis (genitive lapidis) "stone." Meaning "a treatise on precious stones" is late 14c. Related: Lapidarist.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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