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lapidary

[lap-i-der-ee] /ˈlæp ɪˌdɛr i/
noun, plural lapidaries.
1.
Also, lapidist
[lap-i-dist] /ˈlæp ɪ dɪst/ (Show IPA)
. a worker who cuts, polishes, and engraves precious stones.
2.
Also, lapidarist
[luh-pid-er-ist] /ləˈpɪd ər ɪst/ (Show IPA)
. an expert in precious stones and the art or techniques used in cutting and engraving them.
3.
the art of cutting, polishing, and engraving precious stones.
4.
an old book on the lore of gems.
adjective, Also, lapidarian
[lap-i-dair-ee-uh n] /ˌlæp ɪˈdɛər i ən/ (Show IPA)
5.
of or relating to the cutting or engraving of precious stones.
6.
characterized by an exactitude and extreme refinement that suggests gem cutting:
a lapidary style; lapidary verse.
7.
of, relating to, or suggestive of inscriptions on stone monuments.
Origin
1325-1375
1325-75; Middle English lapidarie (noun) < Latin lapidārius of stone (adj.), stone-cutter (noun), equivalent to lapid- (stem of lapis) stone + -ārius -ary
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for lapidary
  • All of them allow you to keep what you find, and some have lapidary equipment on site.
  • Synthesizers add a bright and lapidary quality that doesn't always fit the lyrics.
  • The cutter would place the raw gem, dull and grayish, into a lapidary tool called a dop.
  • Well, maybe not at the well-wrought sentence or the lapidary essay.
  • The building rises stoically around an interior courtyard, its plaster walls inlaid with lapidary from archaeological digs.
  • Its sense of place is dead-on and its component prose lapidary.
  • These lapidary art forms were undoubtedly the pride of his collection.
  • Oversee the use of lapidary equipment by participants.
  • Some magazines cater to lapidary interests, while others emphasize the collecting of mineral specimens.
  • Includes rockhound, lapidary, and prospecting organizations.
British Dictionary definitions for lapidary

lapidary

/ˈlæpɪdərɪ/
noun (pl) -daries
1.
a person whose business is to cut, polish, set, or deal in gemstones
adjective
2.
of or relating to gemstones or the work of a lapidary
3.
Also lapidarian (ˌlæpɪˈdɛərɪən). engraved, cut, or inscribed in a stone or gemstone
4.
of sufficiently high quality to be engraved on a stone: a lapidary inscription
Derived Forms
lapidarian, adjective
Word Origin
C14: from Latin lapidārius, from lapid-, lapis stone
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for lapidary
n.

"one skilled in working with precious stones," late 14c., from Old French lapidaire (12c.), from Latin lapidarius "stonecutter," originally an adjective "of or working with stone," from lapis (genitive lapidis) "stone." Meaning "a treatise on precious stones" is late 14c. Related: Lapidarist.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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