Lateran

Lateran

[lat-er-uhn]
noun
the church of St. John Lateran, the cathedral church of the city of Rome; the church of the pope as bishop of Rome.
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World English Dictionary
Lateran (ˈlætərən)
 
n
1.  Also called: Lateran palace a palace in Rome, formerly the official residence of the popes
2.  any of five ecumenical councils held in this palace between 1123 and 1512
3.  the basilica of Saint John Lateran, the cathedral church of Rome
 
[from Latin: the district is named after the ancient Roman family Plautii Laterani]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

Lateran
c.1300, popular name of cathedral church of St. John Lateran at Rome, which is built on the site of the palace of the Plautii Laterani, a Roman family. As a papal headquarters, it was the site of five general councils of the Western Church.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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"I used to worship the mighty genius of Michael Angelo—that man who was great in poetry, painting, sculpture, architecture—great in every thing he undertook. But I do not want Michael Angelo for breakfast—for luncheon—for dinner—for tea—for supper—for between meals. I like a change, occasionally. In Genoa, he designed every thing; in Milan he or his pupils designed every thing; he designed the Lake of Como; in Padua, Verona, Venice, Bologna, who did we ever hear of, from guides, but Michael Angelo? In Florence, he painted every thing, designed every thing, nearly, and what he didn't design he used to sit on a favorite stone and look at, and they showed us the stone. In Pisa he designed everything but the old shot-tower, and they would have attributed that to him if it had not been so awfully out of the perpendicular. He designed the piers of Leghorn and the custom house regulations of Civita Vecchia. But, here—here it is frightful. He designed St. Peter's; he designed the Pope; he designed the Pantheon, the uniform of the Pope's soldiers, the Tiber, the Vatican, the Coliseum, the Capitol, the Tarpeian Rock, the Barberini Palace, St. John Lateran, the Campagna, the Appian Way, the Seven Hills, the Baths of Caracalla, the Claudian Aqueduct, the Cloaca Maxima—the eternal bore designed the Eternal City, and unless all men and books do lie, he painted every thing in it!... I never felt so fervently thankful, so soothed, so tranquil, so filled with a blessed peace, as I did yesterday when I learned that Michael Angelo was dead."
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