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lawrencium

[law-ren-see-uh m] /lɔˈrɛn si əm/
noun, Chemistry
1.
a synthetic, radioactive, metallic element. Symbol: Lr; atomic number: 103.
Origin
1960-1965
1960-65; Lawrence Radiation Laboratory, Berkeley, California + -ium
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for lawrencium

lawrencium

/lɒˈrɛnsɪəm; lɔː-/
noun
1.
a transuranic element artificially produced from californium. Symbol: Lr; atomic no: 103; half-life of most stable isotope, 256Lr: 35 seconds; valency: 3
Word Origin
C20: named after Ernest Orlando Lawrence (1901–58), US physicist
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for lawrencium

Lawrencium

n.

1961, Modern Latin, from the name of Ernest O. Lawrence (1901-1958), U.S. physicist, cyclotron pioneer and founder of the lab where it was discovered.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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lawrencium in Medicine

lawrencium law·ren·ci·um (lô-rěn'sē-əm, lō-)
n.
Symbol Lr
A radioactive synthetic element produced from californium and having isotopes with mass numbers 253 through 260 and half-lives of 650 milliseconds to 3 minutes; atomic number 103.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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lawrencium in Science
lawrencium
  (lô-rěn'sē-əm)   
Symbol Lr
A synthetic, radioactive metallic element of the actinide series that is produced by bombarding californium with boron ions. Its most stable isotope is Lr 262 with a half-life of 3.6 hours. Atomic number 103. See Periodic Table.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Encyclopedia Article for lawrencium

Lr

(Lr), synthetic chemical element, the 14th member of the actinoid series of the periodic table, atomic number 103. Not occurring in nature, lawrencium (as the isotopes lawrencium-257, lawrencium-258, and lawrencium-259) was produced (1961) by Albert Ghiorso, T. Sikkeland, A.E. Larsh, and R.M. Latimer at the University of California, Berkeley, by bombarding a mixture of the longest-lived isotopes of californium (atomic number 98) with boron ions (atomic number 5) accelerated in a heavy-ion linear accelerator. A team of Soviet scientists at the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research in Dubna discovered (1965) lawrencium-256 (35-second half-life), which the Berkeley group used to show that lawrencium behaves more like the tripositive elements in the actinide series than like predominantly dipositive nobelium (atomic number 102).

Learn more about Lr with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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