a case in a court of law involving a claim, complaint, etc., by one party against another; suit at law.

1615–25; law1 + suit Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
lawsuit (ˈlɔːˌsuːt, -ˌsjuːt)
a proceeding in a court of law brought by one party against another, esp a civil action

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

1620s, from law + suit (n.).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
The lawsuit is the biggest yet to be brought by a regulator that relates to
  banking practices before the financial crisis.
Whether a nation could prevail in such a lawsuit is open to question.
It was interrupted in mid-construction by a lawsuit filed by local residents
  who objected to their loss of sunlight and views.
Several environmental groups recently announced plans to file a lawsuit to try
  to protect critical panther habitats.
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