lay to rest


1 [rest]
the refreshing quiet or repose of sleep: a good night's rest.
refreshing ease or inactivity after exertion or labor: to allow an hour for rest.
relief or freedom, especially from anything that wearies, troubles, or disturbs.
a period or interval of inactivity, repose, solitude, or tranquillity: to go away for a rest.
mental or spiritual calm; tranquillity.
the repose of death: eternal rest.
cessation or absence of motion: to bring a machine to rest.
an interval of silence between tones.
a mark or sign indicating it.
Prosody. a short pause within a line; caesura.
a place that provides shelter or lodging for travelers, as an inn.
any stopping or resting place: a roadside rest for weary hikers.
a piece or thing for something to rest on: a hand rest.
a supporting device; support.
Billiards, Pool. bridge1 ( def 14 ).
verb (used without object)
to refresh oneself, as by sleeping, lying down, or relaxing.
to relieve weariness by cessation of exertion or labor.
to be at ease; have tranquillity or peace.
to repose in death.
to be quiet or still.
to cease from motion, come to rest; stop.
to become or remain inactive.
to stay as is or remain without further action or notice: to let a matter rest.
to lie, sit, lean, or be set: His arm rested on the table.
Agriculture. to lie fallow or unworked: to let land rest.
to be imposed as a burden or responsibility (usually followed by on or upon ).
to rely (usually followed by on or upon ).
to be based or founded (usually followed by on or upon ).
to be found; belong; reside (often followed by with ): The blame rests with them.
to be present; dwell; linger (usually followed by on or upon ): A sunbeam rests upon the altar.
to be fixed or directed on something, as the eyes, a gaze, etc.
Law. to terminate voluntarily the introduction of evidence in a case.
verb (used with object)
to give rest to; refresh with rest: to rest oneself.
to lay or place for rest, ease, or support: to rest one's back against a tree.
to direct (as the eyes): to rest one's eyes on someone.
to base, or let depend, as on some ground of reliance.
to bring to rest; halt; stop.
Law. to terminate voluntarily the introduction of evidence on: to rest one's case.
at rest,
in a state of repose, as in sleep.
quiescent; inactive; not in motion: the inertia of an object at rest.
free from worry; tranquil: Nothing could put his mind at rest.
lay to rest,
to inter (a dead body); bury: He was laid to rest last Thursday.
to allay, suppress, or appease.

before 900; (noun) Middle English, Old English; akin to German Rast; (v.) Middle English resten, Old English restan; akin to German rasten

rester, noun

7. stop, halt, standstill. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
rest1 (rɛst)
1.  a.  relaxation from exertion or labour
 b.  (as modifier): a rest period
2.  repose; sleep
3.  any relief or refreshment, as from worry or something troublesome
4.  calm; tranquillity
5.  death regarded as repose: eternal rest
6.  cessation from motion
7.  at rest
 a.  not moving; still
 b.  calm; tranquil
 c.  dead
 d.  asleep
8.  a pause or interval
9.  a mark in a musical score indicating a pause of specific duration
10.  prosody a pause in or at the end of a line; caesura
11.  a shelter or lodging: a seaman's rest
12.  a thing or place on which to put something for support or to steady it; prop
13.  billiards, snooker any of various special poles used as supports for the cue in shots that cannot be made using the hand as a support
14.  come to rest to slow down and stop
15.  lay to rest to bury (a dead person)
16.  set someone's mind at rest to reassure someone or settle someone's mind
17.  to take or give rest, as by sleeping, lying down, etc
18.  to place or position (oneself, etc) for rest or relaxation
19.  (tr) to place or position for support or steadying: to rest one's elbows on the table
20.  (intr) to be at ease; be calm
21.  to cease or cause to cease from motion or exertion; halt
22.  to lie dead and buried
23.  (intr) to remain without further attention or action: let the matter rest
24.  to direct (one's eyes) or (of one's eyes) to be directed: her eyes rested on the sleeping child
25.  to depend or cause to depend; base; rely: the whole argument rests on one crucial fact
26.  to place or be placed, as blame, censure, etc
27.  to put pastry in a cool place to allow the gluten to contract
28.  (intr; foll by with, on, upon, etc) to be a responsibility (of): it rests with us to apportion blame
29.  law to finish the introduction of evidence in (a case)
30.  rest on one's laurels See laurel
31.  rest on one's oars
 a.  to stop rowing for a time
 b.  to stop doing anything for a time
[Old English ræst, reste, of Germanic origin; related to Gothic rasta a mile, Old Norse röst mile]

rest2 (rɛst)
1.  something left or remaining; remainder
2.  the others: the rest of the world
3.  (copula) to continue to be (as specified); remain: rest assured
[C15: from Old French rester to remain, from Latin rēstāre, from re- + stāre to stand]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

"sleep," O.E. ræste, reste "rest, bed, intermission of labor, mental peace," from P.Gmc. *rastjo, *rasto. Original sense seems to be a measure of distance (cf. O.H.G. rasta "league of miles," O.N. rost "league, distance after which one rests," Gothic rasta "mile, stage of a journey"), perhaps a
word from the nomadic period. The meaning "support, thing upon which something rests" is attested from 1590. The verb is O.E. ræstan, restan "to rest." At rest "dead" is from 1338. Rest room first attested 1899; rest stop is from 1973. Rested "refreshed by sleep" is attested from c.1400. Phrase rest you merry is from 1548 (God rest you merry, gentlemen, often is mis-punctuated). Colloquial expression to give (something) a rest "to stop talking about it" is first recorded 1927, Amer.Eng.

"remainder," c.1420, from M.Fr. reste "remnant," from rester "to remain," from L. restare "stand back, be left," from re- "back" + stare "to stand" (see stet). Related M.E. verb resten (1463) is in rest assured.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

rest (rěst)

  1. Cessation of work, exertion, or activity.

  2. peace, ease, or refreshment resulting from sleep or the cessation of an activity.

  3. Sleep or quiet relaxation.

  4. Mental or emotional tranquillity.

  5. A device used as a support, as for the back.

  6. A group of embryonic cells or a portion of fetal tissue that has become displaced during development.

  7. An extension from a prosthesis that gives vertical support to a dental restoration.

v. rest·ed, rest·ing, rests
  1. To cease motion, work, or activity.

  2. To lie down, especially to sleep.

  3. To be supported or based; lie, lean, or sit.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Bible Dictionary

Rest definition

(1.) Gr. katapausis, equivalent to the Hebrew word _noah_ (Heb. 4:1). (2.) Gr. anapausis, "rest from weariness" (Matt. 11:28). (3.) Gr. anesis, "relaxation" (2 Thess. 1:7). (4.) Gr. sabbatismos, a Sabbath rest, a rest from all work (Heb. 4:9; R.V., "sabbath"), a rest like that of God when he had finished the work of creation.

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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American Heritage
Idioms & Phrases

lay to rest

  1. See lay at rest.

  2. Bury someone, as in She wanted to be laid to rest beside her husband. This usage replaced the earlier go to rest. [Late 1800s]

The American Heritage® Dictionary of Idioms by Christine Ammer.
Copyright © 1997. Published by Houghton Mifflin.
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Idioms & Phrases
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