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leaner

[lee-ner] /ˈli nər/
noun
1.
a person or thing that leans.
2.
Horseshoes. a thrown horseshoe that leans against the stake.
Origin
1530-1540
1530-40; lean1 + -er1

lean2

[leen] /lin/
adjective, leaner, leanest.
1.
(of persons or animals) without much flesh or fat; not plump or fat; thin:
lean cattle.
2.
(of edible meat) containing little or no fat.
3.
lacking in richness, fullness, quantity, etc.; poor:
a lean diet; lean years.
4.
spare; economical:
a lean prose style.
5.
Automotive. (of a mixture in a fuel system) having a relatively low ratio of fuel to air (contrasted with rich).
6.
(of paint) having more pigment than oil.
Compare fat (def 12).
7.
Nautical. (of a bow) having fine lines; sharp.
8.
Metallurgy. (of ore) having a low mineral content; low-grade.
noun
9.
the part of flesh that consists of muscle rather than fat.
10.
the lean part of anything.
11.
Typesetting. matter that is difficult to set because of complexity or intermixed fonts.
Compare fat (def 23).
Origin
before 1000; Middle English lene, Old English hlǣne
Related forms
leanly, adverb
leanness, noun
Synonyms
1. skinny, lank, lanky. See thin. 3. sparse, barren, unfruitful, jejune.
Antonyms
1, 2. fat. 3. fruitful.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for leaner
  • And then a triangle of cloud lowers and sharpens into something pointier and leaner.
  • Other net hunters traditionally smoked or dried their catch and stored it for leaner times.
  • Despite this luxurious conditions, these fish are no different than their leaner cousins.
  • They are leaner firms today living on narrowed profit margins.
  • The chemical can make meat leaner, but can also be the cause of heart palpitations, diarrhoea and muscle tremors.
  • Most firms have been organising their logistics to make themselves leaner.
  • It is clawing its way back to health as a leaner, humbler company.
  • Its campaign emphasised tax cuts rather than a leaner state.
  • Wal-Mart is not easy to work for, but some suppliers say the experience has made them leaner and fitter.
  • So while a few weaker firms may go to the wall the rest will emerge leaner and meaner.
British Dictionary definitions for leaner

lean1

/liːn/
verb leans, leaning, leaned, leant
1.
foll by against, on, or upon. to rest or cause to rest against a support
2.
to incline or cause to incline from a vertical position
3.
(intransitive; foll by to or towards) to have or express a tendency or leaning
4.
(informal) lean over backwards, to make a special effort, esp in order to please
noun
5.
the condition of inclining from a vertical position
See also lean on
Word Origin
Old English hleonian, hlinian; related to Old High German hlinēn, Latin clīnāre to incline

lean2

/liːn/
adjective
1.
(esp of a person or an animal) having no surplus flesh or bulk; not fat or plump
2.
not bulky or full
3.
(of meat) having little or no fat
4.
not rich, abundant, or satisfying
5.
(of a mixture of fuel and air) containing insufficient fuel and too much air: a lean mixture
6.
(of printer's type) having a thin appearance
7.
(of a paint) containing relatively little oil
8.
(of an ore) not having a high mineral content
9.
(of concrete) made with a small amount of cement
noun
10.
the part of meat that contains little or no fat
Derived Forms
leanly, adverb
leanness, noun
Word Origin
Old English hlǣne, of Germanic origin

Lean

/liːn/
noun
1.
Sir David. 1908–91, English film director. His films include In Which We Serve (1942), Blithe Spirit (1945), Brief Encounter (1946), Great Expectations (1946), Oliver Twist (1948), The Bridge on the River Kwai (1957), Lawrence of Arabia (1962), Dr Zhivago (1965), and A Passage to India (1984)
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for leaner

lean

v.

c.1200, from Old English hleonian "to bend, recline, lie down, rest," from Proto-Germanic *khlinen (cf. Old Saxon hlinon, Old Frisian lena, Middle Dutch lenen, Dutch leunen, Old High German hlinen, German lehnen "to lean"), from PIE root *klei- "to lean, to incline" (cf. Sanskrit srayati "leans," sritah "leaning;" Old Persian cay "to lean;" Lithuanian slyti "to slope," slieti "to lean;" Latin clinare "to lean, bend," clivus "declivity," inclinare "cause to bend," declinare "bend down, turn aside;" Greek klinein "to cause to slope, slant, incline;" Old Irish cloin "crooked, wrong;" Middle Irish cle, Welsh cledd "left," literally "slanting;" Welsh go-gledd "north," literally "left" -- for similar sense evolution, see Yemen, Benjamin, southpaw).

Meaning "to incline the body against something for support" is mid-13c. Figurative sense of "to trust for support" is from early 13c. Sense of "to lean toward mentally, to favor" is from late 14c. Related: Leaned; leaning. Colloquial lean on "put pressure on" (someone) is first recorded 1960.

adj.

"thin, spare, with little flesh or fat," c.1200, from Old English hlæne "lean, thin," possibly from hlænan "cause to lean or bend," from Proto-Germanic *khlainijan, which would connect it to Old English hleonian (see lean (v.)). But perhaps rather, according to OED, from a PIE *qloinio- (cf. Lithuanian klynas "scrap, fragment," Lettish kleins "feeble"). Extended and figurative senses from early 14c. The noun meaning "lean animals or persons" is from c.1200, from the adjective.

n.

"action or state of leaning," 1776, from lean (v.).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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