|Friesland (ˈfriːzlənd, Dutch ˈfriːslɑnt)|
|1.||Official and Frisian name: Fryslân a province of the N Netherlands, on the IJsselmeer and the North Sea: includes four of the West Frisian Islands; flat, with sand dunes and fens (under reclamation), canals, and lakes. Capital: Leeuwarden. Pop: 640 000 (2003 est). Area: 3319 sq km (1294 sq miles)|
|2.||an area comprising the province of Friesland in the Netherlands along with the regions of East Friesland and North Friesland in Germany|
gemeente (municipality), northern Netherlands. Leeuwarden lies at the junction of the Harlinger-Trek Canal and the Dokkumer Ee Canal. Originally a port on the Middelzee (reclaimed since the 13th century), it was chartered in 1435, became the capital of Friesland in 1504, and was from 1582 to 1747 the residence of the Frisian stadtholders of the house of Orange-Nassau, ancestors of the present Dutch royal family. A noted centre of goldwork and silverwork in the 16th-18th century, it is now the economic centre of Friesland. Leeuwarden is a rail junction, has an important cattle market (Friesland Hall), and processes dairy foods; it also functions as a service centre, specializing in government activities, education, and financial services.
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