town (township), Berkshire county, western Massachusetts, U.S. It lies in the Berkshire Hills, just south of Pittsfield. Settled about 1750 and originally called Yokuntown, it was set off from Richmond in 1767 and was probably named for Charles Lennox, 3rd duke of Richmond and a defender of colonial rights. Early industries included an iron foundry, a marble works, and a glass factory. Lenox, now a noted summer resort, is the site of Tanglewood, summer home of the Boston Symphony Orchestra, which produces the annual Tanglewood Music Festival. Long-term health care and tourism services, as well as retail trade, are economically important.
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