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Greek island in the Ionian Sea, forming with the island of Meganisi the nomos (department) of Levkas. The 117-sq-mi (303-sq-km) island is a hilly mass of limestone and bituminous shales culminating in the centre in Mt. Elati (3,799 ft [1,158 m]). The chief town, Levkas, lies at the northeastern corner, which in antiquity was separated by a marshy isthmus. It was formerly called Amaxikhi or Santa Maura; the latter is also the Venetian name for the island. Most of the population inhabit the wooded east coast and its valleys.