city, North Rhine-Westphalia Land (state), west-central Germany. It lies on the Rhine River at the mouth of the Wupper River, in the Dhunn valley, just north of Cologne. Formed in 1930 by the union of the villages of Schlebusch, Rheindorf, and Steinbuchel with the town of Wiesdorf, it is well served by highway and rail and is the headquarters of the pharmaceutical firm Bayer. Other economic activities include metal plating and the manufacture of machinery and textiles. Morsbroich Castle houses a museum of modern art and is used for plays and concerts. There are numerous parks and open spaces. Pop. (2003 est.) 161,543.
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