linear programming

noun Mathematics.
any of several methods for finding where a given linear function of several nonnegative variables assumes an extreme value and for determining the extreme value, the variable usually being subjected to constraints in the form of linear equalities or inequalities.

Origin:
1945–50

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World English Dictionary
linear programming
 
n
maths a technique used in economics, etc, for determining the maximum or minimum of a linear function of non-negative variables subject to constraints expressed as linear equalities or inequalities

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Computing Dictionary

linear programming definition

application
A procedure for finding the maximum or minimum of a linear function where the arguments are subject to linear constraints. The simplex method is one well known algorithm.
(1995-04-06)

The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing, © Denis Howe 2010 http://foldoc.org
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Example sentences
Management models and industrial applications of linear programming.
The total and marginal phosphorus abatement costs were derived within a linear
  programming optimization framework.
Cost minimization of nutrient reduction in watershed management using linear
  programming.
Finally, standard linear programming and goal programming outcomes are compared.
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