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town, formerly capital of the district known as the Pays d'Auge, Calvados departement, Basse-Normandie region, northern France. Lisieux has become a world centre of pilgrimage to the shrine of St. Theresa, a Carmelite nun there who died in 1897 and was canonized in 1925. Lisieux was also known for its streets of Gothic and Renaissance houses until the town was burned down in Allied bombing raids in 1944 during World War II. The 12th- to 13th-century cathedral, partly rebuilt in the 16th and 17th centuries, was one of the few buildings that escaped destruction. A museum devoted to the history of old Lisieux also contains prehistoric and Gallo-Roman exhibits.