literature

[lit-er-uh-cher, -choor, li-truh-]
noun
1.
writings in which expression and form, in connection with ideas of permanent and universal interest, are characteristic or essential features, as poetry, novels, history, biography, and essays.
2.
the entire body of writings of a specific language, period, people, etc.: the literature of England.
3.
the writings dealing with a particular subject: the literature of ornithology.
4.
the profession of a writer or author.
5.
literary work or production.
6.
any kind of printed material, as circulars, leaflets, or handbills: literature describing company products.
7.
Archaic. polite learning; literary culture; appreciation of letters and books.

Origin:
1375–1425; late Middle English litterature < Latin litterātūra grammar. See literate, -ure

preliterature, noun


1. Literature, belles-lettres, letters refer to artistic writings worthy of being remembered. In the broadest sense, literature includes any type of writings on any subject: the literature of medicine; usually, however, it means the body of artistic writings of a country or period that are characterized by beauty of expression and form and by universality of intellectual and emotional appeal: English literature of the 16th century. Belles-lettres is a more specific term for writings of a light, elegant, or excessively refined character: His talent is not for scholarship but for belles-lettres. Letters (rare today outside of certain fixed phrases) refers to literature as a domain of study or creation: a man of letters.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
literature (ˈlɪtərɪtʃə, ˈlɪtrɪ-)
 
n
1.  written material such as poetry, novels, essays, etc, esp works of imagination characterized by excellence of style and expression and by themes of general or enduring interest
2.  the body of written work of a particular culture or people: Scandinavian literature
3.  written or printed matter of a particular type or on a particular subject: scientific literature; the literature of the violin
4.  printed material giving a particular type of information: sales literature
5.  the art or profession of a writer
6.  obsolete learning
 
[C14: from Latin litterātūra writing; see letter]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

literature
late 14c., from L. lit(t)eratura "learning, writing, grammar," originally "writing formed with letters," from lit(t)era "letter." Originally "book learning" (it replaced O.E. boccræft), the meaning "literary production or work" is first attested 1779 in Johnson's "Lives of the English Poets" (he
didn't include this definition in his dictionary, however); that of "body of writings from a period or people" is first recorded 1812.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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FOLDOC
Computing Dictionary

literature definition


The literature. Computer-science journals and other publications, vaguely gestured at to answer a question that the speaker believes is trivial. Thus, one might answer an annoying question by saying "It's in the literature." Oppose Knuth, which has no connotation of triviality.
(1994-11-04)

The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing, © Denis Howe 2010 http://foldoc.org
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

literature

a body of written works. The name has traditionally been applied to those imaginative works of poetry and prose distinguished by the intentions of their authors and the perceived aesthetic excellence of their execution. Literature may be classified according to a variety of systems, including language, national origin, historical period, genre, and subject matter.

Learn more about literature with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Example sentences
You've probably noticed that there's a dizzying amount of chicken literature
  out there.
And when the oppressed aren't interested in literature, writers aren't as
  likely to take on a political role defending them.
Older literature isn't properly appreciated, or is needlessly rehashed in a
  newer, publishable version.
Movies and literature are different artistic languages.
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