litigant

[lit-i-guhnt]
noun
1.
a person engaged in a lawsuit.
adjective
2.
litigating; engaged in a lawsuit.

Origin:
1630–40; < Latin lītigant- (stem of lītigāns, present participle of lītigāre to go to law), equivalent to līt- (stem of līs) a lawsuit + -ig- (combining form of agere to carry on) + -ant- -ant

litigant, litigator.
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World English Dictionary
litigant (ˈlɪtɪɡənt)
 
n
1.  a party to a lawsuit
 
adj
2.  engaged in litigation

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

litigant
1630s, from Fr. litigant, from L. litigantem, prp. of litigare (see litigation).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
If you have a case pending in court or want to start one, you are a litigant.
The following are the basic responsibilities of a self-represented litigant.
The litigant and attorney together agree on who is responsible for completing which specific tasks in the case.
Because appellate courts do not hold trials, there are no litigant, witness or juror responses to consider.
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