the act or process of litigating: a matter that is still in litigation.
a lawsuit.

1560–70; < Late Latin lītigātiōn- (stem of lītigātiō) a dispute. See litigate, -ion

nonlitigation, noun
prelitigation, noun
relitigation, noun Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
litigation (ˌlɪtɪˈɡeɪʃən)
1.  the act or process of bringing or contesting a legal action in court
2.  a judicial proceeding or contest

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

1560s, "disputation," from L.L. litigationem (nom. litigatio), from L. litigatus, pp. of litigare "to dispute, quarrel, strive," from litem (nom. lis, gen. litis) "lawsuit, dispute, quarrel, strife" + root of agere "to drive, conduct" (see act). Meaning "act of carrying on a lawsuit" is from 1640s.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
She has also held various tax, audit and litigation support positions at a
  private company and a leading accounting firm.
Ego, personal taste, and fear of litigation all get tangled up in the judgment.
Under the threat of litigation, scientists cannot test a seed to explore the
  different conditions under which it thrives or fails.
The truth is out and doctors are scared because now the will be subject to
  litigation and worse for doing harm.
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