of or pertaining to the shore of a lake, sea, or ocean.
(on ocean shores) of or pertaining to the biogeographic region between the sublittoral zone and the high-water line and sometimes including the supralittoral zone above the high-water line.
of or pertaining to the region of freshwater lake beds from the sublittoral zone up to and including damp areas on shore. Compare intertidal.
a littoral region.

1650–60; < Latin littorālis, variant of lītorālis of the shore, equivalent to lītor- (stem of lītus) shore + -ālis -al1

literal, littoral. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
littoral (ˈlɪtərəl)
1.  of or relating to the shore of a sea, lake, or ocean
2.  biology inhabiting the shore of a sea or lake or the shallow waters near the shore: littoral fauna
3.  a coastal or shore region
[C17: from Late Latin littorālis, from lītorālis, from lītus shore]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

1656, from L. littoralis "of or belonging to the seashore," from litus (gen. litoris) "seashore" (cf. Lido), of unknown origin. The noun is first recorded 1828, from It. littorale, originally an adj., from L. littoralis.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
littoral   (lĭt'ər-əl)  Pronunciation Key 
Relating to the coastal zone between the limits of high and low tides. The littoral zone is subject to a wide range of environmental conditions, including high-energy wave action and intermittent periods of flooding and drying along with the associated fluctuations in exposure to solar radiation and extremes of temperature. Compare sublittoral.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
Visitors no longer can drive in open carriages along the littoral-Times.
These phenomena unequivocally point to shallow and even littoral waters.
Also called a littoral explosion steam room: noun: chamber filled with water
  vapor, used in spas or parts of saunas.
It's not the white-sanded littoral paradise of a thousand movies but a grungy,
  rock-strewn place.
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