[lawg-wood, log-]
the heavy, brownish-red heartwood of a West Indian and Central American tree, Haematoxylon campechianum, of the legume family, used in dyeing.
the tree itself.

1575–85; log1 + wood1

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World English Dictionary
logwood (ˈlɒɡˌwʊd)
1.  a leguminous tree, Haematoxylon campechianum, of the Caribbean and Central America
2.  See also haematoxylon the heavy reddish-brown wood of this tree, yielding the dye haematoxylin

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Example sentences
Some trappers boil cable devices a second time with a few logwood crystals for a darker appearance.
Meanwhile put the vitriol water into the vessel with the logwood and again- put in the cloth and scald it fifteen minutes longer.
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