loner

[loh-ner]
noun
a person who is or prefers to be alone, especially one who avoids the company of others: He was always a loner—no one knew him well.

Origin:
1945–50; lone + -er1

Dictionary.com Unabridged

lone

[lohn]
adjective
1.
being alone; without company or accompaniment; solitary; unaccompanied: a lone traveler.
2.
standing by itself or apart; isolated: a lone house in the valley.
3.
sole; single; only: That company constitutes our lone competitor in the field.
5.
without companionship; lonesome; lonely.
6.
unmarried or widowed.

Origin:
1325–75; Middle English; aphetic var of alone, used attributively

loneness, noun

loan, lone.


1. See alone. 2. separate, separated, secluded.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
lone (ləʊn)
 
adj
1.  unaccompanied; solitary
2.  single or isolated: a lone house
3.  a literary word for lonely
4.  unmarried or widowed
 
[C14: from the mistaken division of alone into a lone]
 
'loneness
 
n

loner (ˈləʊnə)
 
n
informal a person or animal who avoids the company of others or prefers to be alone

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

lone
late 14c., aphetic shortening of alone (q.v.) by misdivision of what is properly al(l) one. The Lone Star in ref. to "Texas" is first recorded 1843, from its flag. Loner "one who avoids company" first recorded 1947. Lone wolf in the fig. sense is 1909, Amer.Eng.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Academia's an odd profession in that if you want to do research, you have to be
  a good loner.
Or maybe it was because he was an unpretentious loner.
Although a loner, he was not alone in the dangerous schemes he nurtured.
And he has succeeded partly because he is what his friends call an
  individualist, and others might call a loner.
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