municipality, central Zambia, southern Africa. Known as "the garden town of the copper belt," Luanshya is the service centre for the adjacent Roan Antelope mine. The terminus of a rail branch from Ndola (21 miles [34 km] northeast), Luanshya is also connected by road to other copper-belt towns and has an airfield. Besides copper mining, industry includes steel production, general machine shops, and a variety of factories. Pop. (2000) urban area, 115,579.
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