Lupercalia

Lupercalia

[loo-per-key-lee-uh, ‐keyl-yuh]
noun, plural Lupercalia, Lupercalias.
a festival held in ancient Rome on the 15th of February to promote fertility and ward off disasters.
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Lupercalia (ˌluːpɜːˈkeɪlɪə)
 
n , pl -lia, -lias
See also Saint Valentine's Day an ancient Roman festival of fertility, celebrated annually on Feb 15
 
[Latin, from Lupercālis belonging to Lupercus, a Roman god of the flocks]
 
Luper'calian
 
adj

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

Lupercalia
Roman festival held Feb. 15, in honor of Lupercus, god (identified with Lycean Pan) who had a grotto at the foot of the Palatine Hill, from L. Lupercalia (pl.), from Lupercalis "pertaining to Lupercus," whose name derives from lupus "wolf" (see wolf).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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