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lurch1

[lurch] /lɜrtʃ/
noun
1.
an act or instance of swaying abruptly.
2.
a sudden tip or roll to one side, as of a ship or a staggering person.
3.
an awkward, swaying or staggering motion or gait.
verb (used without object)
4.
(of a ship) to roll or pitch suddenly.
5.
to make a lurch; move with lurches; stagger:
The wounded man lurched across the room.
Origin
1760-1770
1760-70; origin uncertain
Related forms
lurchingly, adverb
Synonyms
5. lunge, reel, totter.

lurch3

[lurch] /lɜrtʃ/
verb (used with object)
1.
Archaic. to do out of; defraud; cheat.
2.
Obsolete. to acquire through underhanded means; steal; filch.
verb (used without object)
3.
British Dialect. to lurk near a place; prowl.
noun
4.
Archaic. the act of lurking or state of watchfulness.
Origin
1375-1425; late Middle English lorchen, apparently variant of lurken to lurk
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for lurched
  • She backed up, then lurched forward again, hitting the cop car one more time.
  • From there, the plan lurched forward in fits and starts.
  • Imagine if before you took each step, your guts lurched up into your throat.
  • He lurched left, lurched right and ended up sprawled face first on the sun-toasted, dust-coated hood of a compact car.
  • The program lurched forward but had few prospects for real success.
  • The normally flat sea surface lurched upward in response, giving birth to a fearsome tsunami.
  • Tractor-trailers were rumbling all around, sending up clouds of dust as they lurched back to the loading dock.
  • Higher taxes will eventually be inevitable, since so many governments have lurched heavily into deficit.
  • The little car bucked wildly twice before it lurched forward through the intersection.
  • Yet this week it lurched closer to extinction after senior figures walked out to form a new political group.
British Dictionary definitions for lurched

lurch1

/lɜːtʃ/
verb (intransitive)
1.
to lean or pitch suddenly to one side
2.
to stagger or sway
noun
3.
the act or an instance of lurching
Derived Forms
lurching, adjective
Word Origin
C19: origin unknown

lurch2

/lɜːtʃ/
noun
1.
leave someone in the lurch, to desert someone in trouble
2.
(cribbage) the state of a losing player with less than 30 points at the end of a game (esp in the phrase in the lurch)
Word Origin
C16: from French lourche a game similar to backgammon, apparently from lourche (adj) deceived, probably of Germanic origin

lurch3

/lɜːtʃ/
verb
1.
(intransitive) (archaic or dialect) to prowl or steal about suspiciously
Word Origin
C15: perhaps a variant of lurk
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for lurched

lurch

n.

"sudden pitch to one side," 1784, from earlier lee-larches (1765), a nautical term for "the sudden roll which a ship makes to lee-ward in a high sea, when a large wave strikes her, and bears her weather-side violently up, which depresses the other in proportion" ["Complete Dictionary of Arts and Sciences," London 1765]; perhaps from French lacher "to let go," from Latin laxus (see lax).

When a Ship is brought by the Lee, it is commonly occaſsioned by a large Sea, and by the Neglect of the Helm's-man. When the Wind is two or three Points on the Quarter, the Ship taking a Lurch, brings the Wind on the other Side, and lays the Sails all dead to the Maſt; as the Yards are braced up, ſhe then having no Way, and the Helm being of no Service, I would therefore brace about the Head ſails ſharp the other Way .... [John Hamilton Moore, Practical Navigator, 8th ed., 1784]

"predicament," 1580s, from Middle English lurch (v.) "to beat in a game of skill (often by a great many points)," mid-14c., probably literally "to make a complete victory in lorche," a game akin to backgammon, from Old French lourche. The game name is perhaps related to Middle English lurken, lorken "to lie hidden, lie in ambush," or it may be adopted into French from Middle High German lurz "left," also "wrong."

v.

1821, from lurch (n.1). Related: Lurched; lurching.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Idioms and Phrases with lurched

lurch

The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Word Value for lurched

13
15
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