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type of pottery ware decorated with metallic lustres by techniques dating at least from the 9th century. One technique of Middle Eastern origin, which produced the famous Hispano-Moresque pottery in Spain and Italian and Spanish majolica, involved a multistaged process that produced a kind of staining of the ware. In a second type of lustreware, which was cheaper and less complicated, pigments containing salts of gold and platinum were used. Although inspired by the late 18th-century Spanish majolica dishes, it was an English invention that found its widest and most economical application throughout the 19th century.