lyceum

lyceum

[lahy-see-uhm]
noun
1.
an institution for popular education providing discussions, lectures, concerts, etc.
2.
a building for such activities.
3.
(initial capital letter) the gymnasium where Aristotle taught, in ancient Athens.
4.
a lycée.

Origin:
1570–80; < Latin Lycēum, Lycīum < Greek Lýkeion place in Athens, so named from the neighboring temple of Apollo; noun use of neuter of lýkeios, epithet of Apollo, variously explained

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World English Dictionary
lyceum (laɪˈsɪəm)
 
n
1.  a public building for concerts, lectures, etc
2.  (US) a cultural organization responsible for presenting concerts, lectures, etc
3.  another word for lycée

Lyceum (laɪˈsɪəm)
 
n
1.  a school and sports ground of ancient Athens: site of Aristotle's discussions with his pupils
2.  the Aristotelian school of philosophy
 
[from Greek Lukeion, named after a temple nearby dedicated to Apollo Lukeios, an epithet of unknown origin]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

lyceum
c.1580, L. version of Gk. lykeion, grove or garden with covered walks near Athens where Aristotle taught, from neut. of Lykeios "wolf-slayer," an epithet of Apollo, whose temple was nearby, from lykos "wolf." Hence, Fr. lycée, name given in France to state-run secondary schools. In England, early
19c., lyceum was the name taken by a number of literary societies; in U.S., after c.1820, it was the name of institutes that sponsored popular lectures in science and literature.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

lyceum

Athenian school founded by Aristotle in 335 BC in a grove sacred to Apollo Lyceius. Owing to his habit of walking about the grove while lecturing his students, the school and its students acquired the label of Peripatetics (Greek peri, "around," and patein, "to walk"). The peripatos was the covered walkway of the Lyceum. Most of Aristotle's extant writings comprise notes for lectures delivered at the school as edited by his successors.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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