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lyceum

[lahy-see-uh m] /laɪˈsi əm/
noun
1.
an institution for popular education providing discussions, lectures, concerts, etc.
2.
a building for such activities.
3.
(initial capital letter) the gymnasium where Aristotle taught, in ancient Athens.
4.
a lycée.
Origin
1570-1580
1570-80; < Latin Lycēum, Lycīum < Greek Lýkeion place in Athens, so named from the neighboring temple of Apollo; noun use of neuter of lýkeios, epithet of Apollo, variously explained
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for lyceum

lyceum

/laɪˈsɪəm/
noun (now chiefly in the names of buildings)
1.
a public building for concerts, lectures, etc
2.
(US) a cultural organization responsible for presenting concerts, lectures, etc
3.
another word for lycée

Lyceum

/laɪˈsɪəm/
noun the Lyceum
1.
a school and sports ground of ancient Athens: site of Aristotle's discussions with his pupils
2.
the Aristotelian school of philosophy
Word Origin
from Greek Lukeion, named after a temple nearby dedicated to Apollo Lukeios, an epithet of unknown origin
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for lyceum
n.

1580s, Latin form of Greek lykeion, name of a grove or garden with covered walks near Athens where Aristotle taught, from neuter of Lykeios "wolf-slayer," an epithet of Apollo, whose temple was nearby, from lykos "wolf." Hence lycée, name given in France to state-run secondary schools. In England, early 19c., lyceum was the name taken by a number of literary societies; in U.S., after c.1820, it was the name of institutes that sponsored popular lectures in science and literature.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Article for lyceum

Lyceum

Athenian school founded by Aristotle in 335 BC in a grove sacred to Apollo Lyceius. Owing to his habit of walking about the grove while lecturing his students, the school and its students acquired the label of Peripatetics (Greek peri, "around," and patein, "to walk"). The peripatos was the covered walkway of the Lyceum. Most of Aristotle's extant writings comprise notes for lectures delivered at the school as edited by his successors.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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