macerate

[mas-uh-reyt]
verb (used with object), macerated, macerating.
1.
to soften or separate into parts by steeping in a liquid.
2.
to soften or decompose (food) by the action of a solvent.
3.
to cause to grow thin.
verb (used without object), macerated, macerating.
4.
to undergo maceration.
5.
to become thin or emaciated; waste away.

Origin:
1540–50; < Latin mācerātus (past participle of mācerāre to make soft, weaken, steep); see -ate1

macerater, macerator, noun
macerative, adjective
unmacerated, adjective


5. shrink, shrivel, fade, wither.
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World English Dictionary
macerate (ˈmæsəˌreɪt)
 
vb
1.  to soften or separate or be softened or separated as a result of soaking
2.  to break up or cause to break up by soaking: macerated peaches
3.  to become or cause to become thin
 
[C16: from Latin mācerāre to soften]
 
'macerater
 
n
 
'macerator
 
n
 
'macerative
 
adj
 
macer'ation
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

macerate
late 15c., from L. maceratus, pp. of macerare "soften," related to maceria "garden wall," originally "of kneaded clay," from PIE base *mag-/*meg- "to knead" (cf. Gk. magis "kneaded mass, cake," mageus "one who kneads, baker;" O.C.S. mazo "to anoint, smear;" Bret. meza "to knead;" M.Ir. maistir "to churn").
Related: Macerated; macerating.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

macerate mac·er·ate (mās'ə-rāt')
v. mac·er·at·ed, mac·er·at·ing, mac·er·ates

  1. To make soft by soaking or steeping in a liquid.

  2. To separate into constituents by soaking.

n.
A substance prepared or produced by macerating.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Example sentences
Bring it to a boil on top of the stove and then let it sit overnight to
  macerate.
Branches are fed into a chute, in which rotating blades macerate the wood.
It takes approximately the same amount of time to macerate five pounds of fruit
  as it does to macerate only one pound.
For small amounts of fruit, a kitchen blender can be used to macerate the fruit.
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