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Madras hemp

noun
1.
sunn.

sunn

[suhn] /sʌn/
noun
1.
a tall East Indian shrub, Crotalaria juncea, of the legume family, having slender branches and yellow flowers, and an inner bark that yields a hemplike fiber used for making ropes, sacking, etc.
2.
the fiber.
Also called sunn hemp, sun hemp, Bombay hemp, Madras hemp.
Origin
1580-1590
1580-90; < Hindi san < Sanskrit śāṇa
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for madras-hemp

sunn

/sʌn/
noun
1.
a leguminous plant, Crotalaria juncea, of the East Indies, having yellow flowers
2.
the hemplike fibre obtained from the inner bark of this plant, used in making rope, sacking, etc
Word Origin
C18: from Hindi san, from Sanskrit śāná hempen
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Encyclopedia Article for madras-hemp

sunn

(Crotalaria juncea), plant of the pea family (Fabaceae, or Leguminosae) or its fibre, one of the bast fibre group. The plant is also cultivated in many tropical countries as a green manure crop that is plowed under to fertilize soil. The sunn plant is not a true hemp. It is probably native to the Indian subcontinent, where it has been cultivated since prehistoric times. It was introduced to the Western Hemisphere early in the 19th century.

Learn more about sunn with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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9
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