madrigal

[mad-ri-guhl]
noun
1.
a secular part song without instrumental accompaniment, usually for four to six voices, making abundant use of contrapuntal imitation, popular especially in the 16th and 17th centuries.
2.
a lyric poem suitable for being set to music, usually short and often of amatory character, especially fashionable in the 16th century and later, in Italy, France, England, etc.
3.
any part song.

Origin:
1580–90; < Italian madrigale < Medieval Latin mātricāle something simple, noun use of neuter of Late Latin mātricālis literally, of the womb. See matrix, -al1

madrigalesque, adjective
madrigalian [mad-ruh-gal-ee-uhn, -gal-yuhn, -gey-lee-uhn] , adjective
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World English Dictionary
madrigal (ˈmædrɪɡəl)
 
n
1.  music Compare glee a type of 16th- or 17th-century part song for unaccompanied voices with an amatory or pastoral text
2.  a 14th-century Italian song, related to a pastoral stanzaic verse form
 
[C16: from Italian, from Medieval Latin mātricāle primitive, apparently from Latin mātrīcālis of the womb, from matrīx womb]
 
'madrigalesque
 
adj
 
madrigalian
 
adj
 
'madrigalist
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

madrigal
"short love poem," also "part-song for three or more voices," 1588, from It. (Venetian) madregal "simple, ingenuous," from L.L. matricalis "invented, original," lit. "of or from the womb," from matrix (gen. matricis) "womb."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Madrigal gave a picture presentation of the property.
Madrigal presented an identification card that had not been issued by a government agency.
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