[mag-nee-tuh-gawrsk; Russian muhg-nyi-tuh-gawrsk]
a city in the W Russian Federation in Asia, on the Ural River, near the boundary between Europe and Asia. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
Magnitogorsk (Russian məɡnitaˈɡɔrsk)
a city in central Russia, on the Ural River: founded in 1930 to exploit local magnetite ores; site of one of the world's largest metallurgical plants. Pop: 415 000 (2005 est)

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Encyclopedia Britannica


city, Chelyabinsk oblast (province), western Russia, on both banks of the Ural River. It was founded in 1929 to exploit the rich magnetite iron ore of Mt. Magnitnaya, just east of the city. The gigantic iron- and steelworks, several times enlarged, was one of the world's largest in 1975, with a steel capacity of about 15,000,000 tons annually. By then local ores were nearing exhaustion, and ores are now secured largely from Rudnyy in Kazakhstan and the Kursk Magnetic Anomaly of Kursk and Belgorod oblasti; coking coal is from Qaraghandy. There are also engineering, cement, glass, and light industries. The Ural is dammed to form two reservoirs within the city and although the steelworks and oldest part of the city lie on the left bank, most subsequent growth has been on the right bank, where air pollution is less. Magnitogorsk has teacher-training and mining-metallurgical institutes. Pop. (1995 est.) 427,000.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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