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Makhachkala

[muh-kahch-kuh-lah; Russian muh-khuh ch-kuh-lah] /məˌkɑtʃ kəˈlɑ; Russian mə xətʃ kʌˈlɑ/
noun
1.
a seaport and capital of Dagestan, in the SW Russian Federation in Europe, on the Caspian Sea.

Dagestan

[dah-guh-stahn, dag-uh-stan; Russian duh-gyi-stahn] /ˌdɑ gəˈstɑn, ˌdæg əˈstæn; Russian də gyɪˈstɑn/
noun
1.
an autonomous republic in the SW Russian Federation on the W shore of the Caspian Sea. 19,421 sq. mi. (50,300 sq. km).
Capital: Makhachkala.
Formerly Dagestan Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic.
2.
a closely woven carpet of this region having a floral design and a zigzag border, usually in pastel shades.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for Makhachkala

Makhachkala

/Russian məxətʃkaˈla/
noun
1.
a port in SW Russia, capital of the Dagestan Republic, on the Caspian Sea: fishing fleet; oil refining. Pop: 503 000 (2005 est) Former name (until 1921) Petrovsk
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Encyclopedia Article for Makhachkala

port and capital of Dagestan republic, southwestern Russia. The city is situated along the western shore of the Caspian Sea, at the northern end of a narrow coastal plain. Founded as the Petrovskoye fortress in 1844, it became Petrovsk Port in 1857 and was renamed in 1921 after the Dagestani revolutionary Makhach. Present-day Makhachkala is a seaport linking the North Caucasus, Transcaucasus, and southern Ukraine with the western regions of Kazakhstan. It also serves as the terminal of an oil pipeline from Grozny. Its industries include machine building and chemical and textile manufacturing. Makhachkala has a branch of the Academy of Sciences, a university, and medical, agricultural, and teacher-training institutes. Pop. (1993 est.) 328,000.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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