malaria

[muh-lair-ee-uh]
noun
1.
Pathology. any of a group of diseases, usually intermittent or remittent, characterized by attacks of chills, fever, and sweating: formerly supposed to be due to swamp exhalations but now known to be caused by a parasitic protozoan, which is transferred to the human bloodstream by a mosquito of the genus Anopheles and which occupies and destroys red blood cells.
2.
Archaic. unwholesome or poisonous air.

Origin:
1730–40; < Italian, contraction of mala aria bad air

malarial, malarian, malarious, adjective
nonmalarial, adjective
nonmalarian, adjective
nonmalarious, adjective
postmalarial, adjective
pseudomalaria, noun
unmalarial, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
Cite This Source Link To malaria
Collins
World English Dictionary
malaria (məˈlɛərɪə)
 
n
an infectious disease characterized by recurring attacks of chills and fever, caused by the bite of an anopheles mosquito infected with any of four protozoans of the genus Plasmodium (P. vivax, P. falciparum, P. malariae, or P. ovale)
 
[C18: from Italian mala aria bad air, from the belief that the disease was caused by the unwholesome air in swampy districts]
 
ma'larial
 
adj
 
ma'larian
 
adj
 
ma'larious
 
adj

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
Cite This Source
Etymonline
Word Origin & History

malaria
1740, from It. mal'aria, from mala aria, lit. "bad air," from mala "bad" (fem. of malo, from L. malus) + aria "air." Probably first used by It. physician Francisco Torti (1658-1741). The mosquito-borne disease was once thought to have been caused by foul air in marshy districts. Replaced native ague.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
Cite This Source
American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

malaria ma·lar·i·a (mə-lâr'ē-ə)
n.
An infectious disease characterized by cycles of chills, fever, and sweating, caused by the parasitic infection of red blood cells by a protozoan of the genus Plasmodium, which is transmitted by the bite of an infected female anopheles mosquito. Also called jungle fever, paludism, swamp fever.


ma·lar'i·al or ma·lar'i·an or ma·lar'i·ous adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Cite This Source
American Heritage
Science Dictionary
malaria   (mə-lâr'ē-ə)  Pronunciation Key 
An infectious disease of tropical areas caused by the parasitic infection of red blood cells by a protozoan of the genus Plasmodium, which is transmitted by the bite of an infected female mosquito. Malaria is characterized by recurrent episodes of chills, fever, sweating, and anemia and is endemic in Africa, Central America, and much of Southern Asia and northern South America.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
Cite This Source
American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary
malaria [(muh-lair-ee-uh)]

An infectious disease caused by a parasite that is transmitted by the bite of an infected mosquito. Persons suffering from malaria experience periodic episodes of chills and fever.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
Cite This Source
Example sentences
There has been enormous progress over the past three years in distributing the
  means to prevent and treat malaria.
Anyone having malaria is quarantined and treated before he is allowed to mix
  with the community.
Malaria has been known about since ancient times and has gone under many names.
Doctors estimate more than a million people die of malaria each year.
Copyright © 2014 Dictionary.com, LLC. All rights reserved.
  • Please Login or Sign Up to use the Recent Searches feature
FAVORITES
RECENT

;