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Denotation vs. Connotation

malinger

[muh-ling-ger] /məˈlɪŋ gər/
verb (used without object)
1.
to pretend illness, especially in order to shirk one's duty, avoid work, etc.
Origin of malinger
1810-1820
1810-20; < French malingre sickly, ailing, equivalent to mal- mal- + Old French heingre haggard (perhaps < Gmc)
Related forms
malingerer, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for malinger
Historical Examples
  • No man ever essayed to malinger or to shirk a duty to which he had been allotted by the doctor.

  • It was quick work; but Bowles had a college education—he had been only six hours a cowboy when he learned to malinger on the job.

    Bat Wing Bowles Dane Coolidge
  • One, of course, can readily see with what facility an individual of the type under discussion could malinger mental symptoms.

  • "Sheep," who has been disposed to malinger, is the worst of the lot.

    Adventures in Alaska Samuel Hall Young
British Dictionary definitions for malinger

malinger

/məˈlɪŋɡə/
verb
1.
(intransitive) to pretend or exaggerate illness, esp to avoid work
Derived Forms
malingerer, noun
Word Origin
C19: from French malingre sickly, perhaps from mal badly + Old French haingre feeble
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for malinger
v.

1820, from French malingrer "to suffer," perhaps also "pretend to be ill," from malingre "ailing, sickly" (13c.), of uncertain origin, possibly a blend of mingre "sickly, miserable" and malade "ill." Mingre is itself a blend of maigre "meager" + haingre "sick, haggard," possibly from Germanic (cf. Middle High German hager "thin"). The sense evolution may be through notion of beggars with sham sores. Related: Malingered; malingering; malingerer (1785).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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malinger in Medicine

malinger ma·lin·ger (mə-lĭng'gər)
v. ma·lin·gered, ma·lin·ger·ing, ma·lin·gers
To feign illness or other incapacity in order to avoid duty or work.


ma·lin'ger·er n.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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