malinger

[muh-ling-ger]
verb (used without object)
to pretend illness, especially in order to shirk one's duty, avoid work, etc.

Origin:
1810–20; < French malingre sickly, ailing, equivalent to mal- mal- + Old French heingre haggard (perhaps < Gmc)

malingerer, noun
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World English Dictionary
malinger (məˈlɪŋɡə)
 
vb
(intr) to pretend or exaggerate illness, esp to avoid work
 
[C19: from French malingre sickly, perhaps from mal badly + Old French haingre feeble]
 
ma'lingerer
 
n

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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

malinger
1785 (implied in malingerer), from Fr. malingrer "to suffer," perhaps also "pretend to be ill," from malingre "ailing, sickly," possibly a blend of mingre "sickly, miserable" and malade "ill." Mingre is itself a blend of maigre "meager" + haingre "sick, haggard," possibly from Gmc. (cf. M.H.G. hager
"thin"). The sense evolution may be through notion of beggars with sham sores. Related: Malingerer; malingering.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

malinger ma·lin·ger (mə-lĭng'gər)
v. ma·lin·gered, ma·lin·ger·ing, ma·lin·gers
To feign illness or other incapacity in order to avoid duty or work.


ma·lin'ger·er n.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Example sentences
He was no longer accused of being noncompliant or a malingerer.
Once the drug takes hold, they say, an insurmountable urge to pour out speech
  traps the malingerer.
Photographs taken by private investigators convinced managers that she was
  malingerer and was dishonest about her injuries.
He believed strongly that if appellant could work, she would, and that she was
  not a malingerer.
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