Manchu

[man-choo] /mænˈtʃu/
noun, plural Manchus (especially collectively) Manchu.
1.
a member of a Tungusic people of Manchuria who conquered China in the 17th century and established a dynasty there (Manchu dynasty, or Ch'ing, 1644–1912).
2.
a Tungusic language spoken by the Manchu.
adjective
3.
of or pertaining to the Manchu, their country, or their language.
British Dictionary definitions for Manchu
Manchu (mænˈtʃuː)
 
n , -chus, -chu
1.  a member of a Mongoloid people of Manchuria who conquered China in the 17th century, establishing an imperial dynasty that lasted until 1912
2.  the language of this people, belonging to the Tungusic branch of the Altaic family
 
adj
3.  Also: Ching of or relating to the dynasty of the Manchus
 
[from Manchu, literally: pure]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin and History for Manchu
Manchu
1650s, member of Tungusic race of Manchuria, which conquered China in 1644 and remained its ruling class until the Revolution of 1912. From Manchu, lit. "pure," name of the tribe descended from the Nu-chen Tartars.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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