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mangrove

[mang-grohv, man-] /ˈmæŋ groʊv, ˈmæn-/
noun
1.
any tropical tree or shrub of the genus Rhizophora, the species of which are mostly low trees growing in marshes or tidal shores, noted for their interlacing above-ground adventitious roots.
2.
any of various similar plants.
Origin
1605-1615
1605-15; alteration (by folk etymology) of earlier mangrow < Portuguese mangueTaino
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for mangrove
  • Trees living in this habitat are called mangrove trees.
  • The studied jellies live in mangrove swamps and the studied eyes are always aimed at the tree canopy.
  • Even if its fighters scuttle to the mangrove swamps, they are likely to be picked off as they emerge.
  • Flooding rice patties with salt water and destruction of mangrove swamps are the obvious ones.
  • Perhaps even more worrying, the pythons may be preying on native mangrove fox squirrels and wood storks.
  • Their habitat of choice is the fresh or brackish water of river estuaries, coastal lagoons, and mangrove swamps.
  • Today other invasive plants, among them bamboo and mangrove, also threaten the island.
  • Those with smaller canoes and kayaks can explore the mangrove-lined coastline.
  • mangrove trees have become specialized to survive in the extreme conditions of estuaries.
  • mangrove forests are universally composed of relatively few tree species and a single overstory strata.
British Dictionary definitions for mangrove

mangrove

/ˈmæŋɡrəʊv; ˈmæn-/
noun
1.
  1. any tropical evergreen tree or shrub of the genus Rhizophora, having stiltlike intertwining aerial roots and growing below the highest tide levels in estuaries and along coasts, forming dense thickets: family Rhizophoraceae
  2. (as modifier): mangrove swamp
2.
any of various similar trees or shrubs of the genus Avicennia: family Avicenniaceae
Word Origin
C17 mangrow (changed through influence of grove), from Portuguese mangue, ultimately from Taino
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for mangrove
n.

1610s, mangrow, probably from Spanish mangle, mangue (1530s), which is perhaps from Carib or Arawakan. Modern spelling in English (1690s) is from influence of grove. A Malay origin also has been proposed, but it is difficult to explain how it came to be used for an American plant.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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