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manque

[mahnk] /mɑ̃k/
noun, French.
1.
the numbers 1 to 18 in roulette.
Compare passe.
Origin
literally, lack

manqué

[mahng-key; French mahn-key] /mɑŋˈkeɪ; French mɑ̃ˈkeɪ/
adjective
1.
having failed, missed, or fallen short, especially because of circumstances or a defect of character; unsuccessful; unfulfilled or frustrated (usually used postpositively):
a poet manqué who never produced a single book of verse.
Origin
1770-80; < French, past participle of manquer to lack, be short of < Italian mancare, derivative of manco lacking, defective < Medieval Latin, Late Latin mancus (Latin: feeble, literally, maimed, having a useless hand, probably derivative of manus hand)
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for manque

manqué

/mɑ̃ke; English ˈmɒŋkeɪ/
adjective
1.
(postpositive) unfulfilled; potential; would-be: the manager is an actor manqué
Word Origin
C19: literally: having missed
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for manque
adj.

1778, from French manqué (fem. manquée), past participle of manquer "to miss, be lacking" (16c.), from Italian mancare, from manco, from Latin mancus "maimed, defective," from PIE *man-ko- "maimed in the hand," from root *man- "hand" (see manual (adj.)).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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