maquis

[mah-kee, ma-; French ma-kee]
noun, plural maquis [mah-keez, ma-; French ma-kee] .
1.
the French underground movement, or Resistance, that combatted the Nazis in World War II.
2.
Also called maquisard. a member of this movement.
Also, Maquis.


Origin:
1940–45; < French, special use of maquis, makis wild, bushy land < Italian (Corsican dial.) macchie (with French -is for -ie), plural of macchia a thicket < Latin macula spot

Dictionary.com Unabridged

maqui

[mah-kee]
noun
an evergreen shrub, Aristotelia chilensis, of Chile, having toothed, oblong leaves, greenish-white flowers, and purple berries, grown as an ornamental in S California.

Origin:
1695–1705; < Spanish < Araucanian

Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
maquis (mɑːˈkiː)
 
n , pl -quis
1.  shrubby mostly evergreen vegetation found in coastal regions of the Mediterranean: includes myrtles, heaths, arbutus, cork oak, and ilex
2.  (often capital)
 a.  the French underground movement that fought against the German occupying forces in World War II
 b.  a member of this movement
 
[C20: from French, from Italian macchia thicket, from Latin macula spot]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

maquis
1858, from Fr., "undergrowth, shrub," esp. in ref. to the dense scrub of certain Mediterranean coastal regions, long the haunts of outlaws and fugitives, from It. macchia "spot," from L. macula "spot, stain;" the landscapes from their mottled appearance. Used figuratively of Fr. resistance in World War
II (1944).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

maquis

a scrubland vegetation of the Mediterranean region, composed primarily of leathery, broad-leaved evergreen shrubs or small trees. Garigue, or garrigue, a poorer version of this vegetation, is found in areas with a thin, rocky soil. Maquis occurs primarily on the lower slopes of mountains bordering the Mediterranean Sea. Many of the shrubs are aromatic, such as mints, laurels, and myrtles. Olives, figs, and other small trees are scattered throughout the area and often form open forests if undisturbed by humans.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Example sentences for maquis
Otherwise, nearly all the other maquis who had not died were in federation prisons.
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