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maquis

[mah-kee, ma-; French ma-kee] /mɑˈki, mæ-; French maˈki/
noun, plural maquis
[mah-keez, ma-; French ma-kee] /mɑˈkiz, mæ-; French maˈki/ (Show IPA)
1.
the French underground movement, or Resistance, that combatted the Nazis in World War II.
2.
Also called maquisard. a member of this movement.
Also, Maquis.
Origin
1940-1945
1940-45; < French, special use of maquis, makis wild, bushy land < Italian (Corsican dial.) macchie (with French -is for -ie), plural of macchia a thicket < Latin macula spot

maqui

[mah-kee] /ˈmɑ ki/
noun
1.
an evergreen shrub, Aristotelia chilensis, of Chile, having toothed, oblong leaves, greenish-white flowers, and purple berries, grown as an ornamental in S California.
Origin
1695-1705; < Spanish < Araucanian
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for maquis
  • Otherwise, nearly all the other maquis who had not died were in federation prisons.
British Dictionary definitions for maquis

maquis

/mɑːˈkiː/
noun (pl) -quis (-ˈkiː)
1.
shrubby mostly evergreen vegetation found in coastal regions of the Mediterranean: includes myrtles, heaths, arbutus, cork oak, and ilex
2.
(often capital)
  1. the French underground movement that fought against the German occupying forces in World War II
  2. a member of this movement
Word Origin
C20: from French, from Italian macchia thicket, from Latin macula spot
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for maquis
n.

1858, from French maquis "undergrowth, shrub," especially in reference to the dense scrub of certain Mediterranean coastal regions, long the haunts of outlaws and fugitives, from Corsican Italian macchia "spot," from Latin macula "spot, stain;" the landscapes so called from their mottled appearance. Used figuratively of French resistance in World War II (1943). A member is a maquisard.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Article for maquis

a scrubland vegetation of the Mediterranean region, composed primarily of leathery, broad-leaved evergreen shrubs or small trees. Garigue, or garrigue, a poorer version of this vegetation, is found in areas with a thin, rocky soil. Maquis occurs primarily on the lower slopes of mountains bordering the Mediterranean Sea. Many of the shrubs are aromatic, such as mints, laurels, and myrtles. Olives, figs, and other small trees are scattered throughout the area and often form open forests if undisturbed by humans.

Learn more about maquis with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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