marasmus

[muh-raz-muhs]
noun Pathology.
malnutrition occurring in infants and young children, caused by insufficient intake of calories or protein and characterized by thinness, dry skin, poor muscle development, and irritability.

Origin:
1650–60; < Neo-Latin < Greek marasmós a wasting away, akin to maraínein to weaken, waste away

marasmic, adjective
marasmoid, adjective
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World English Dictionary
marasmus (məˈræzməs)
 
n
pathol general emaciation and wasting, esp of infants, thought to be associated with severe malnutrition or impaired utilization of nutrients
 
[C17: from New Latin, from Greek marasmos, from marainein to waste]
 
ma'rasmic
 
adj

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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

marasmus
1656, Mod.L., "wasting away of the body," from Gk. marasmos "a wasting away, withering, decay," from marainein "to quench, weaken, wither," from PIE base *mer- "to rub away, harm" (cf. Skt. mrnati "crushes, bruises").
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

marasmus ma·ras·mus (mə-rāz'məs)
n.
Chronic wasting of body tissues, especially in young children, commonly due to prolonged dietary deficiency of protein and calories. Also called athrepsia.


ma·ras'mic adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

marasmus

a form of protein-energy malnutrition occurring chiefly among very young children in developing countries, particularly under famine conditions, in which a mother's milk supply is greatly reduced. Marasmus results from the inadequate intake of both protein and calories; persons with a similar type of protein-energy malnutrition, kwashiorkor, do not obtain enough protein but still consume a moderate number of calories. Marasmus is characterized by growth retardation (in weight more than in height) and progressive wasting of subcutaneous fat and muscle. Other symptoms may include diarrhea; dehydration; behavioral changes; dry, loose skin; and dry, brittle hair. Marasmus can be treated with a high-calorie, protein-rich diet. Severe, prolonged marasmus may result in permanent mental retardation and impaired growth.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Example sentences
Symptoms normally manifest themselves in one of two ways, known as marasmus and kwashiorkor.
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